What’s the variation between Fleet Farm and Farm & Fleet?

What’s the variation between Fleet Farm and Farm & Fleet?


In midcentury Wisconsin, two brothers of hearty Midwestern farmer inventory have been getting down to make their mark at the international. One went through the identify of Blain, the opposite Generators – they usually had a killer concept. 

They determined to start out a shop promoting provides to their fellow farmers wholesale and at a aggressive charge. The spot did just right trade and drew consumers from miles round, and shortly they have been opening new branches. However in the middle of their good fortune, a competition between the brothers grew worse with each and every passing day.  

What used to be the straw that broke this actual camel’s again? Some say it used to be a trade confrontation – the department of earnings, the place to open new places. Others say it used to be private – a female friend stolen, one too many slicing remarks or social slights. No matter it used to be, the end result used to be simple – a sour relatives struggle like no different.

The trade used to be break up in two: Generators Fleet Farm and Blain’s Farm & Fleet. 

And not once more did the 2 males talk. Over the many years, their competing retail outlets expanded throughout Wisconsin, deepening their sour competition right into a blood feud of biblical proportions. 

It’s a a laugh tale, proper? But it surely’s now not the reality. 

What’s the variation between Fleet Farm and Farm & Fleet?
Fleet Farm’s first location in Marshfield, Wisconsin; Photograph courtesy of Fleet Farm

THE URBAN MYTH THAT Blain’s Farm & Fleet and Generators Fleet Farm originated from the similar relatives is nearly as deeply embedded in Wisconsin tradition because the retail outlets themselves – virtually. 

Should you’re from Wisconsin, you understand no less than one of the crucial two. And in case you’re new to Wisconsin, it gained’t be lengthy ahead of any person suggests you’ll be able to to find no matter you’re in search of at Fleet Farm or Farm & Fleet. The 2 in a similar fashion named Higher Midwest chains

Fleet Farm’s Appleton retailer, circa 1957; Photograph courtesy of Fleet Farm

each be offering virtually precisely the similar strains of goods – {hardware}, tires, sweet, Carhartt garments, gear, greeting playing cards, looking and fishing apparatus, and many others. – incessantly specified by a just about indistinguishable way. However they’re extra than simply puts to shop for a hose. They’ve cornered a powerful, pragmatic, Midwestern, frugal, incessantly male marketplace that’s in search of a one-stop store to shop for strong items at low costs.   

“Anything else that you simply assume you’ll be able to want, Fleet Farm has it,” says Bob Socha, 53, a lifelong buyer who grew up on a dairy farm close to Wausau and now works for town of Ripon. “The whole lot from tires for my cars, to carrying items, to workwear, boots and footwear. Even snacks.”

George Hesselberg, a retired Madison-area newspaperman and longtime buyer of Farm & Fleet, says a lot the similar factor about his most well-liked franchise. “Every now and then I simply opt for the thrill of it. … Each time I am going there, I to find one thing that I didn’t know existed actually – some kind of horse apparatus or a kind of boot sole. It’s very affordable leisure and schooling. I just like the position so much.”

“Each time I am going [to Farm & Fleet], I to find one thing that I didn’t know existed actually.”


Past their emblem colour schemes (orange for Fleet Farm, blue and crimson for Farm & Fleet), the variations between the 2 are refined: the location of the combined nuts, the collection of Halloween decorations, the deserves and demerits of the respective rewards systems. But consumers take care of a powerful allegiance to their selected chain, and lots of are similarly as the tale at the back of the firms’ founding. 

A Fleet Farm grand opening in Brainerd, Minnesota; Photograph courtesy of Fleet Farm

“I paintings right here, I do know the historical past, and I will’t depend the selection of occasions consumers have argued with me that their model of the legend is proper,” says Frank Steeves, an government vice chairman at Fleet Farm, which dropped the “Generators” from its professional identify in 2018. 

“I’ve had other folks come as much as me and inform me their model of the tale,” says Miranda Becker, the general public family members and occasions lead at Blain’s Farm & Fleet. The parable concerning the feuding brothers is the commonest, however every now and then it’s a married couple who divorced and break up their retailer into two.

Now right here’s what in point of fact came about. It’s now not relatively as dramatic, is a bit more company, and there’s no blood-feuding, but it surely’s nonetheless a just right tale – one in all Wisconsin farmers, ingenuity, entrepreneurship, thriftiness and, most likely above all, tradition.


IN 1955, outlets in Wisconsin have been topic to way more stringent minimum-markup regulations than exist nowadays. That intended retail outlets couldn’t bargain their merchandise or promote wholesale to get an edge on festival. However there used to be an exception. Consumers who had a “fleet” have been allowed to shop for items at a bargain. A fleet used to be outlined through the state as 5 or extra inner combustion engines. Automobiles, tractors or even some lawnmowers counted towards that “fleet card.”

“At the moment, what inhabitants in Wisconsin had 5 or extra inner combustion engines?” says Steeves. “Farmers.”

And prefer that, there used to be a brand new option to faucet a powerful marketplace. Storeowners who centered fleet card-sporting farmers may just promote them bargain items that beat out conventional outlets. The chance wasn’t misplaced on Midwestern marketers.

An professional “fleet” card; Photograph courtesy of Blain’s Farm & Fleet

Stewart Generators based The Generators Corporations in Brainerd, Minnesota, in 1922, promoting vehicles and automobile apparatus. In 1955, his two sons Stewart “Stew” Generators Jr. and Henry “Hank” Generators, have been of their mid-20s, and their father inspired them to head off and get started their very own trade. They determined they might open an agricultural retailer, one that might make the most of the fleet loophole. 

The brothers began through accomplishing a cow census. The rural sector in Wisconsin used to be more potent than Minnesota’s on the time, they usually assumed that essentially the most bovine-dense counties within the state would correlate to the most powerful markets for his or her farm items. They drove the dairy state searching for cows, and this led them to Marshfield, the place they opened Fleet Wholesale Provide, which in 5 years can be renamed Generators Fleet Farm. 

Stew and Hank Generators; Photograph courtesy of Fleet Farm

Hank and Stew left Minnesota and moved right into a trailer at the back of the brand new retailer with their two canine. “They might cross to the YMCA to bathe,” says Nick Widi, a senior vice chairman at Fleet Farm who knew the Generators brothers for my part. 

On the similar time in western Wisconsin, any other pair of brothers, Norman “Bert” Blain and William Claude Blain, of their overdue 30s and 50s respectively, have been already a hit businessmen. Just like the Generators brothers’ father, they have been within the automobile trade, running a series of Chevrolet and Oldsmobile dealerships within the northwestern Wisconsin cities of Ladysmith, Bruce and Weyerhaeuser. That they had grown up on their father’s dairy farm, and after they have been more youthful had helped him release his personal feed operation and farm implements retailer. 

In 1955, the similar yr the Generators brothers opened their first retailer, Bert and Claude noticed the chance to get again into the farm provide trade – this time with a successful hook – and acquired a former meat marketplace in Janesville. They emptied out where and temporarily transformed it into the primary Blain’s Farm & Fleet.

Blain’s Farm & Fleet in DeKalb, Illinois, 1964; Photograph courtesy of Blain’s Farm & Fleet

The speculation proved to be an ideal one. Wisconsin farmers took complete good thing about the low costs competition couldn’t fit, and each retail outlets boomed. Throughout the subsequent decade, they’d expanded to more than one places and have been rising with each and every passing yr. 

So, who got here up with the trade fashion first? 

“It relies on which relatives you communicate to,” says Steeves. “That’s the base line. Each and every relatives may be very adamant that it used to be their concept. There’s no getting round that.”

Simply ask Farm & Fleet’s Becker: “The Generators brothers concept the Blain brothers had an ideal concept they usually requested permission to make use of farm and fleet within the identify in their long term retail outlets, however in a unique order,” she says. “The Blain brothers agreed, and the Generators brothers then opened their first retailer in a while thereafter.” 

The Blain and Generators brothers have been some distance from the one marketers leaping at the fleet bandwagon. Each fledgling retail outlets joined the Mid-States Distributing Co-op, which introduced in combination over 50 such retail outlets to proportion data and very best practices. Dozens of retail outlets within the Midwest took on identical names over the next years: Farm and Fleet Box Carrier, High quality Farm and Fleet, Dinsmore Farm and Fleet, Farm and Fleet Provide, Steve’s Farm and Fleet, and many others. And in line with Mid-States, the theory first got here from its founders, Bob and Jean Kiesau. 

Claude and Bert Blain; Photograph courtesy of Blain’s Farm & Fleet

“You communicate to Mid-States, they take credit score. You communicate to the Generators, they take credit score. You communicate to the Blains, they take credit score,” Steeves says. “The reality of the subject is that not one of the individuals who have been if truth be told there on the time are round to let us know.”

However that confrontation – and the potential for festival – didn’t bitter the connection between the 2 pairs of brothers. They met whilst they have been arising as participants of Mid-States, and either side document pleasant family members.

Widi, in his early years at Fleet Farm, traveled with Stew Generators steadily, and remembers the friendship between the Generators brothers and Robert Blain, the son of Bert and eventual CEO of Farm & Fleet. 

“There is not any turmoil between the households,” Becker says. “The Generators and the Blain households have at all times been, and stay, pals.”

OVER THE ’60s and early ’70s, the minimum-markup regulations that gave delivery to Fleet Farm and Farm & Fleet have been progressively loosened, leaving each retail outlets (and others) loose to supply steeper reductions to fleetless other folks. So as an alternative of a sole focal point on wholesale farm items, they started providing a much wider collection of gear, clothes, meals or even toys to draw different consumers. Each retail outlets launched a liked annual Christmas catalog – a practice that continues nowadays. 

“When the toy catalog got here out, my siblings and I’d at all times struggle over it,” says Socha. “My folks knew the one position they needed to opt for Christmas used to be Fleet Farm.”

As they expanded their variety, in addition they expanded farther around the state. Farm & Fleet unfold around the southern portions of Wisconsin from their flagship Janesville retailer, whilst Fleet Farm, with its Marshfield and Minnesota roots, took to the north. Should you grew up in Inexperienced Bay, you might by no means have even heard of Farm & Fleet. And vice versa, in case you grew up in Kenosha. “The primary time I went to [a Fleet Farm], I assumed, boy, they in point of fact screwed up the signage right here,” says Hesselberg. 

“My folks knew the one position they needed to opt for Christmas used to be Fleet Farm.”


For Milwaukeeans, the closest Fleet Farm is in Germantown, whilst Farm & Fleet has two subject places, in Oak Creek and Waukesha, the latter of which is best 14 miles from the Germantown Fleet Farm. 

Probably the most contested territory in Wisconsin, as of presently, is the Madison marketplace, with a Fleet Farm and Farm & Fleet best 12 miles aside. In a different way, the 2 retail outlets stay far away. 

“It simply came about organically,” says Widi. “The 2 retail outlets have identical product mixes and so on. Clearly, it’s now not going to make sense to have the ones subsequent to one another.”

Farm & Fleet now has 43 retail outlets in 4 states, whilst Fleet Farm has 47 in 5. Fleet Farm went westward to Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota, whilst Farm & Fleet went south and east to Illinois and Michigan. The 2 best overlap in Wisconsin and Iowa. 

“They don’t essentially must have extremely unique methods to tell apart them from each and every different, as a result of geographically they aren’t co-located very incessantly,” says Russell Coff, a trade professor at UW-Madison who’s a Farm & Fleet client because of geography. “They’re now not in direct festival. … They each produce other competition [because] they each have large inventories. They’re at all times situated now not some distance from a Walmart, so that they’re each going through vital price war from that point of view.” 

Walmart and identical retail outlets like Wisconsin’s personal Shopko took place thru the similar bargain fashion that Farm & Fleet and Fleet Farm piloted, however whilst the ones chains grew into impersonal behemoths, Fleet Farm and Farm & Fleet, with their agricultural origins and peculiarly Midwestern lineup of products, saved sturdy native ties. As Steeves says, lifelong consumers don’t view it as “a retailer” however as “my retailer.” 

Blain’s Farm & Fleet in Holland, Michigan, 2019; Photograph courtesy of Blain’s Farm & Fleet

“There’s this connection,” he says. “After I first were given right here, if we moved the paper towels, we might get hate mail. That’s how intently other folks felt about their retailer.”

Socha’s maximum bright reminiscence of Fleet Farm inspires that sturdy private connection. Each time his dad took him to the shop, he’d purchase him a Marathon chocolate-caramel sweet bar. “For a tender child, you don’t have all of your tooth, it used to be relatively the sweet bar. It lasted all of the approach house.”

And Hesselberg has remained a steadfast Farm & Fleet buyer, partly because of considerate customer support paying homage to a way smaller retailer. He recalls visiting his native Farm & Fleet after he broke an ax maintain. He discovered the aisle with the axes, however there weren’t any handles – they have been in a unique, far away aisle, which he came upon by accident. When he looked at, he casually discussed the extraordinary placement to the cashier. 

“They mentioned, ‘Neatly, that doesn’t make any sense,’” he says. “I assumed they’d simply drop it. Subsequent time I went again, I checked. That they had moved all of the ax handles to proper through the axes.”

IN 2016, the Generators brothers, through then of their 80s, offered Fleet Farm to KKR, a New York-based fairness company that purchased Toys “R” Us in 2005 and owned it till the corporate’s chapter in 2018. The monetary phrases of the Fleet Farm deal weren’t made public, however Reuters estimated the sale at $1.2 billion. The Generators relatives maintained a minority stake. Hank Generators died that very same yr, and Stew died in September of 2021 on the age of 93. These days, the Generators relatives isn’t desirous about trade operations at Fleet Farm. 

At the Farm & Fleet facet, Claude Blain died in 1988, and Bert died 5 years later in 1993. Robert Blain, Bert’s son, took over as president of the shop for two decades. In 2014, he retired, and his sister, Jane Blain Gilbertson, took over as CEO and sole proprietor of the corporate. 

“Blain’s Farm & Fleet does stay family-owned, and we’ve made a dedication to stay so,” says Becker. “Being family-owned lets in us to do issues otherwise with our corporate: to make choices to regard our mates like relatives and our consumers like neighbors. And while you’re family-owned, you don’t have to reply to to Wall Boulevard or shareholders.”

Pay attention to WUWM’s “Lake Impact” July 20 at 12 p.m. to listen to extra about this tale. 

“On occasion, a spokesperson at Blain’s will carry that up,” Steeves says. “To do a fact test: Blain’s and Generators are each giant outlets. … They’re each firms. … KKR is an excessively hands-off investor. [Fleet Farm is] an impartial corporate. … It’s the similar corporate, simply other buyers.”

In accordance with KKR’s earlier acquisitions – like Epicor, a tool corporate, or The Bountiful Co., which makes vitamin dietary supplements – Coff believes the company is most probably having a look to promote Fleet Farm someday. “They could be having a look to create new places, achieve smaller avid gamers so as to add,” he says. “In the end, they’re in search of it to be value extra some selection of years later and to get their money again.”

“Fleet Farm is an excessively in the community run corporate,” says Steve Jensen, a senior vice chairman at Fleet Farm. “Our CEO [John Schaefer] is Wisconsin-based, Nick [Widi] and I each grew up a couple of miles from a Fleet Farm retailer and feature been concerned with Fleet Farm our complete lives. … Our staff participants may just care much less about who’s making an investment within the corporate. It’s all about caring for the buyer.” 

Fleet Farm in Ankenny, Iowa, 2013; Photograph courtesy of Fleet Farm

IN APRIL, Fleet Farm purchased 15 acres of land in Muskego to construct its newest retailer. The purchase provides a brand new entrance within the combat with Blain’s, as the closest Farm & Fleet is best 10 miles away in Waukesha.

Later this yr, Blain’s is increasing its Wisconsin territory with new retail outlets in Grafton and Rhinelander. The ones are set to open this autumn, and the corporate’s purpose is to succeed in 50 retail outlets through 2026. “It’s now not almost about rising. It’s about in moderation selecting the best communities who really respect our family-owned fashionable normal retailer,” Jane Blain Gilbertson mentioned in a press liberate. 

As each chains extend, they generally tend to emphasise their variations over their considerable similarities, with Farm & Fleet that specialize in its family-owned standing and Fleet Farm enjoying up its native popularity through partnering with Wisconsin comic Charlie Berens, who does a standup regimen concerning the chain. However something they proportion is that legendary foundation tale – and neither can relatively give an explanation for why it refuses to die.

“I feel other folks like to listen to tales concerning the puts they cross and the issues they do – one thing in point of fact evil, a thriller up to now, a frame within the dumpster, that roughly factor,” Hesselberg says. “I heard about [the false origins of Fleet Farm and Farm & Fleet] 25 years in the past, actual early, and I checked it out and it’s really easy to debunk. But it surely’s an ideal city legend. Since you by no means in point of fact know. Proper?” 

Managing Editor Archer Parquette dug into Frederick Regulation Olmsted’s Milwaukee legacy within the April factor.


This tale is a part of Milwaukee Mag‘s July Factor.

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The Real Story Behind Mills Fleet Farm and Blain’s Farm & Fleet